96 Clot al-‘Alaq-vs 6-19

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Quran in English – clear. pure. easy to read Translated by Talal Itani

  • Chronologically No 1 Position 96

Early Meccan Surah, we will now study the last 14 Ayat

Here are the first for context.

In the name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful.
1. Read: In the Name of your Lord who created.
2. Created man from a clot.
3. Read: And your Lord is the Most Generous.
4. He who taught by the pen.
5. Taught man what he never knew.
96 Clot al-'Alaq

These remaining ayat are estimated to have been revealed once The Prophet had commenced the hours of Prayer in the Kaaba, sources say that it is Aisha’s Hadiths that provide the complete narrative of events though I have not uncovered any such Hadith, though she Narrated 2,210 . Set down in writing, the Narrations of Ibn Hanbal, Bukhari and Muslim also record information regarding the Surah, though not the date of the second revelation. Aisha – Wikipedia

Consulting Yusuf Ali I discover that he believes that this second half was revealed after a break of some months to a year, after the initial 5 but after the revelation of Surah 48. He suggests the reason that these ayat are joined to the previous 5 is that they explain the impediments to preaching i.e. humanity’s obstinance, vanity and insolence.(page 1979 introduction and summary)

SURA 96 INTRO.
C.276.-(Verses 1 to 19)-Noble is the mission of the Prophet,
selected to proclaim the Message of Allah, the Lord and
Cherisher of all His Creation, Whose measureless bounties
include the instruction of man in new and ever new knowledge.
But alas for man! He fancies himself self-sufficient, turns away
from the Path, and misleads others. But nothing is hidden from
Allah. He will bring all untruth and sin and rebellion to
Judgment, and subdue all evil. The righteous bow in adoration to
Allah, and draw closer to Him.

English Translation of the Meanings and Commentary by Abdullah Yusuf Ali Formatting by William B. Brown
6. In fact, man oversteps all bounds.
7. When he considers himself exempt. - [self-sufficient] 
8.but to your Lord is the return. 
9. Have you seen him who prevents? 
10. A servant when he prays? 
11. Do you think he is upon guidance? 
12. Or advocates righteousness? 
13. Do you see how he disbelieved and turned away? 
14. Does he not know that God sees? 
15. No. If he does not desist, We will drag him by the forelock. 
16. A deceitful, sinful forelock. 17. Let him call on his gang. 
18. We will call the Guards. 
19. No, do not obey him; but kneel down, and come near.

Generally ayat 9 and 10 refer to those who would prevent or dissuade others from following Islam. Specifically the verses may refer to someone named Abu Jahal ( (lit. ‘Father of Ignorance’) by Muslims, he was one of the Meccan polytheist pagan leaders.)who was a specific enemy of Muhammad and the early Muslims and used to insult and persecute the Prophet. He used shameful methods to prevent the Prophet going to the Kaaba for devotions and also towards those who followed Islam. Yusuf Ali says that he was arrogant, purse-proud and met his demise at the battle of Badre. (pg. 1982)

There are two results which result from humanities’ insolence, these are 1. self destruction through self-deception. 2. Being a false guide to others, therefore humanity needs to test the person’s actions to see if Allah is truly the origin of their deeds and words. Specifically – do they ‘advocate righteousness’ or when pressed for an answer do they deny the Truth and turn their backs? Allah sees everything but this one may either deny it or even be unaware.

Someone’s Forelock represents the crown or summit of humanities’ power or dignity and to be dragged by it is to suffer the lowest dregs of humiliation.

The council of Comrades refer to the Pagan Quraish who formed oppressive Juntas to manage the Kaaba, they were sympathetic to Abu Jahal, though not going to the lengths he went to to cause havoc for the Prophet, they did everything they could to destroy Islam but that was not to be. All the legions of evil, disguised or invisible cannot stand against Allah who only has to call upon his forces of righteousness who will subdue evil and protect Allah’s devotees. “19. No, do not obey him; but kneel down, and come near.” Allah will protect all his slaves but it is an exercise in free will to draw nigh to him.


Readings: and sources: the Noble Qur’an Copyright © Kais Dukes, 2009-2017. Maintained by the quran.com team. This is an open source project.

The Quranic Arabic Corpus is available under the GNU public license with terms of use.

English Translation of the Meanings and Commentary by Abdullah Yusuf Ali Formatting by William B. Brown

Ali, Y., (1934). The Holy Qur’an English Translation of the Meaning and Commentary. 1.ed. King Fahd Holy Qur’an Printing Complex, Al- Madinah Al -Munararah: Ministry of Haji The kIngdom of Saudi Arabia.

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